Among the ancient cultures referenced in the Christian Old Testament, a mythical sea monster, called “leviathan,” was believed to exist.
Leviathan were believed to be great sea serpents, living in the depths of the oceans, having fearsome teeth, impenetrable skin, and fiery breath. Nothing conceivable could defeat the Leviathan; neither harpoons, spears, hooks, swords, arrows, or clubs.
“Nothing on earth is its equal— a creature without fear.” (Job 41:33)
Leviathan falls in the same category of dragons, kraken, the Loch Ness Monster, the Abominable Snowman, and Big Foot; powerful, frightful creatures that never existed, but people have sincerely believed in at different times and places throughout human history. I can imagine Hagrid, from the Harry Potter novels, keeping a pet leviathan in the lake outside of Hogwarts! I can imagine a special leviathan episode of the old TV show, “In Search Of,” hosted by Leonard Nimoy.
In biblical times, the leviathan represented the most fearsome creature imaginable on the earth, and a good reason to keep your feet on dry land! Whether or not leviathan literally existed is irrelevant to Scripture. In biblical times, leviathan were believed to be real, and thus had significance.
The longest description of leviathan in Scripture is found in Job 41. The book of Job describes the life of a man named Job, who experienced terrible tragedy, and questioned God’s fairness. Most believe the book of Job was written to wrestle with the theological question of theodicy – why evil things happen to innocent people.
The Book of Job does NOT tell us why bad things happen to good people. Instead, Job reveals the error and weaknesses of many of our pathetic theological explanations and rationalizations for why tragedies occur. In the end, the book of Job simply describes a God that is beyond our ability to define, explain, predict, or control.
Today, I discovered a line in Job I’ve never noticed before. God asks Job, “Will (a leviathan) make an agreement with you for you to take it as your slave for life? Can you make a pet of (a leviathan) like a bird or put it on a leash for the young women in your house?” (Job 41:4-5)
In essence, God asks, “Who can make the most fearsome creature known to man a house pet? Who can train a leviathan to walk on a leash? Who can teach it to sit on your shoulder, like a pet parrot?” God’s implied answer, “I can. Only, I can.”
Since the tragic shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, I’ve been wrestling, a lot, with the question of why God allows evil and suffering the in the world. Frankly, the comfortable theological explanations I’ve believed and preached in the past, have felt a bit thin, as of late. Though I haven’t discovered any new explanations I like any better than the old ones, somehow the image of a tamed leviathan sitting on God’s shoulder provides some perspective.
Though leviathan are mythical – especially tamed ones – and the real-life tragedies of this world are definitely not, this image – literal or not – reminds me that God is not defined by my simplistic definitions of good and bad, right and wrong, just and unjust, fair and unfair. Though I still want to believe God is good, right, just and fair, who am I to call “foul” when God doesn’t act on my terms or schedule?
Thomas G. Long, in his book, What Shall We Say?: Evil, Suffering, and the Crisis of Faith, asks, “Do we ultimately want to offer our own scheme of moral order, the very one we employ to determine that some human suffering is unjust, as a replacement for God? Do we want in other words, to be God, or are we willing to move toward being the kind of human being who, even in the midst of inexplicable pain, trusts the One who is God?”
I love the contrast of Job 41:8, “If you lay a hand on (a leviathan), you will remember the struggle and never do it again!” versus the image of God taming a leviathan to be a house pet. Though it doesn’t explain “unfair” human suffering to my satisfaction, and though I can’t comprehend why a leviathan-training-God can’t or won’t intervene in human tragedies, and though leviathan aren’t even real, I sense that God is saying, “I’ve got this. Even when evil things happen, even when the darkness seems to rule the day, even when you doubt me, I’ve got this. You can trust me.”
Perhaps we aren’t suppose to trust God AFTER we understand why bad things happen, which we likely never will. Perhaps, we have to trust God first, to find peace in our inability to understand. Of course, that doesn’t make tragedy “ok.” Perhaps it helps me to be more “ok” with God, even when I’m devastated, and can’t begin to understand.
If God can tame the one who, “makes the depths churn like a boiling caldron and stirs up the sea like a pot of ointment…” (Job 41:31), perhaps he is greater than the sum of our real world tragedies too.